The human body is mostly made of water. If you look at the human body’s specific tissues, you will find that; lean muscle tissue contains about 75% water by weight, blood contains almost 70% water, body fat contains 10% water and bone has 22% water. Your skin also contains a large amount of water. The human body is about 60% water in adult males and 55% in adult females (according to sex, age and body mass index). All the slightly different fluids in your body (plasma, amniotic fluid, gastrointestinal, cerebrospinal, peritoneal, ocular, extracellular and intracellular, interstitial and of course urine etc, etc) that are used by your body to transport almost anything; are mostly made of water.
Pure water regulates your body temperature and as above provides the means for nutrients and gasses (such as oxygen) to travel to (and from) all your essential organs and of course, each individual cell. It removes waste products and protects all your bone joints and even ‘cushions’ all of the body’s important organs.
Water and the Human Condition
Signs of Dehydration:
There are many things that can cause dehydration; the most common being vomiting, diarrhoea, blood loss, malnutrition, and the normal human failure to replenish liquids lost from respiration, sweating and urination. Many illnesses and diseases can trigger acute dehydration due to the increased body temperature and sweating that usually occur. This is why your doctor tells you to drink plenty of fluids when you are ill. Diuretics such as caffeine pills and alcohol are compounds that remove water from your body by increasing the amount of urine the kidneys produce. Pharmaceutical diuretics (supplied by your Doctor) are often known as ‘water tablets’ because they remove excess water. Your body uses fluids to expel toxins as well as to keep your system flexible, lubricated and running smoothly. If you are very active, you lose more water than if you tend to be a ‘couch potato’.
Symptoms of mild dehydration include chronic pains in joints and muscles, lower back pain, headaches and constipation.A strong smell to your urine, along with a yellow or amber colour indicates that you may not be getting enough water. Note that riboflavin, a B vitamin, will make your urine bright yellow. Thirst is an obvious sign of dehydration and please don’t forget; you need water long before you feel thirsty.
How Much Pure Drinking Water Do You Need?
In general, the medical profession are now recommending that a healthy adult man should drink approximately 14 cups of water per day and a healthy adult woman should drink approximately ten cups per day. These numbers are determined by the average amount of water a person will lose throughout the day through normal bodily functions. Women who are nursing or pregnant will need to drink at least 10 to 14 cups of water per day to accommodate for the additional water loss to the baby or foetus. Young children, as their bodies grow and develop, will need a larger amount of water in proportion to their body weight. As an individual grows older, the need for water intake decreases slightly, but adequate water intake is still just as vital to your body’s function. As you grow older, you should take care to drink an appropriate amount of water each day because your body will become less able to recognise the beginning signs of dehydration and will not send thirst signals to your brain, so you should constantly be aware of the amount of water you drink.
How much Pure Drinking Water do you need?
How much pure drinking water you need depends on the following:
Level of Activity:
Your level of activity is one of the greatest indicators of the amount of water you should drink each day. As you exercise, your body will begin to lose more water through perspiration and require more water for proper replenishment. For a short bout of exercise (less than 30 minutes), one to two extra glasses will replenish your body. If you are exercising for longer periods of time or in warmer climates, you will likely need to drink at least three extra glasses of water per day to replace any liquid lost during the process.
Your environment also affects the amount of water you should drink. Individuals in warmer climates should drink more water to compensate for liquid lost through perspiration. Individuals who live at high altitudes may also need to drink more water; as the lack of oxygen in the air prompts more rapid breathing and a greater loss of moisture during respiration.
Everyone, regardless of their environment, should drink more water during the summer months, as the heat and extra time spent outside can result in greater liquid loss.
If you drink alcohol, you should drink at least an equal amount of water. When you are travelling on an airplane, it is sensible to drink a glass of water for every hour you are on board the plane. As you can see, your daily water intake can add up to quite a lot.
20% of your body’s water requirement will come from the foods you eat. The rest of your water your body needs should come from the liquids you drink. Water is the best choice. Carbonated drinks have a lot of sugar in them, so if you drink so called ‘soft drinks’, your body may take in more calories than it needs. Herbal teas that aren’t diuretic are fine. Sports drinks contain electrolytes and may be beneficial; just look at the label for any added sugar and calories that you don’t need. Pure fruit juices are good because they have vitamins and nutrients and (should only contain) natural sugars.
Tea and coffee and some cola type soft drinks (caffeinated drinks) will also add to your body’s daily water requirements; even though caffeine is a diuretic. If you regularly consume caffeine; your body will regulate itself to that diuretic effect.
Drink Enough Water
With our society’s hectic life-style, it may be difficult to drink the amount of water you should do. Be sure you have water handy at all times by keeping a bottle of water with you when you are working, travelling, or exercising (don’t buy it! Bring filtered water from your home with you). If you get bored with just plain water; add a bit of lemon or lime for a touch of flavour.
The human body is primarily composed of water. Water is not only beneficial but also vital to life. Only oxygen is more important to human survival. Water plays an enormous role in how well your body functions. The more fresh water we drink, the healthier we become. Clean fresh drinking water increases not only the quality, but also the length, of our lives.